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Disease Profile

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4

Prevalence
Prevalence estimates on Rare Medical Network websites are calculated based on data available from numerous sources, including US and European government statistics, the NIH, Orphanet, and published epidemiologic studies. Rare disease population data is recognized to be highly variable, and based on a wide variety of source data and methodologies, so the prevalence data on this site should be assumed to be estimated and cannot be considered to be absolutely correct.
1-5 / 10 000

33,100 - 165,500

US Estimated

1-5 / 10 000

51,350 - 256,750

Europe Estimated

Age of onset

Childhood

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ICD-10

G60.0

Inheritance

Autosomal dominant A pathogenic variant in only one gene copy in each cell is sufficient to cause an autosomal dominant disease

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Autosomal recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of each gene of the chromosome are needed to cause an autosomal recessive disease and observe the mutant phenotype

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X-linked
dominant X-linked dominant inheritance, sometimes referred to as X-linked dominance, is a mode of genetic inheritance by which a dominant gene is carried on the X chromosome.

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X-linked
recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of a gene on the X chromosome cause an X-linked recessive disorder

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Mitochondrial or multigenic Mitochondrial genetic disorders can be caused by changes (mutations) in either the mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA that lead to dysfunction of the mitochondria and inadequate production of energy.

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Multigenic or multifactor Inheritance involving many factors, of which at least one is genetic but none is of overwhelming importance, as in the causation of a disease by multiple genetic and environmental factors.

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Not applicable

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Other names (AKA)

Autosomal recessive demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth; AR-CMT1; CMT4

Summary

Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 4 (CMT4) is a congenital neurologic hereditary disease, part of a group of peripheral neuropathies known as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT). According to the mutated gene CMT4 is classified in CMT4A, CMT4B1, CMT4B2, CMT4B3, CMT4C, CMT4D, CMT4E, CMT4F, CMT4G, CMT4H and CMT4J. Each of these subtypes is very rare and may affect only a particular ethnic group. CMT4 causes weakness, usually mostly distal (situated away from the center of the body) but sometimes involving proximal (near the center of the body) muscles. The most common symptoms are walking difficulties with steppage gait or an abnormally high arched foot (pes cavus) pes cavus. Hammer toes and other skeletal deformities, such as an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine (scoliosis), are often observed. Some affected people have changes in sensations (such as the sense of touch or ability to perceive temperature changes). When CMT4 begins in infancy, it is characterized by low muscle tone. CMT4 patients may also develop other symptoms such as cataracts or deafness. Generally, cases of CMT4 present earlier and with more severe symptoms compared to CMT1 or CMT2.[1][2] Subtypes may have different clinical features among them. Several genes have been identified as causing CMT4, including GDAP1 (CMT4A), MTMR13 (CMT4B1), MTMR2 (CMT4B2), SBF1 (CMT4B3), SH3TC2 (CMT4C), NDG1(CMT4D), EGR2 (CMT4E), PRX (CMT4F), FDG4 (CMT4H), and FIG4 (CMT4J). CMT4 inheritance is autosomal recessive.[1] Treatment is symptomatic and includes physical therapy, corrective surgery (when needed) and pain medication.[1][2]

Organizations

Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.

Organizations Supporting this Disease

    Learn more

    These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.

    In-Depth Information

    • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
    • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.